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Apprendre le Kabyle • Afficher le sujet - Complément aux leçons de grammaire

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Complément aux leçons de grammaire

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Modérateur: Amsebrid

Complément aux leçons de grammaire

Messagepar Amsebrid » 18 Avr 2009, 23:17

Dans les deux dernières leçons dans la rubrique grammaire la lettre "d" peut être :
Une préposotion qui signifie avec ou et
L’auxiliaire de prédication qui signifie c’est ou ce sont

J'ajoute cette petite leçon sur cette fameuse lettre "d" :

La lettre "d" peut être aussi utilisé comme particule de direction " ici"

Imedyaten ( exemples )

-Yussa-d moh : Moh est venu ( vers ici )
-Yuzzla-d Umsebrid : Amsebrid a couru ( vers ici )


Il y’a les verbes yusa et yuzzla conjugués à la troisième personne du singulier suivis chacun de la particule "d" qui montrent le sens du mouvement de Moh et Amsebrid

S tabghest : bon courage !
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Messagepar Moh » 19 Avr 2009, 01:16

tanmirt a gma :wink:

je mets ton topic en Post-it pour que ça reste toujours en haut de cette section du forum :wink:
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complément

Messagepar Amsebrid » 19 Avr 2009, 23:08

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grammaire

Messagepar Amsebrid » 08 Mai 2009, 12:59

Azul fell-awen

Pour la leçon : Le nom kabyle j'extrais :

"1- Le pluriel externe :
Je commence par ce type de pluriel car c'est le plus simple à obtenir à partir d'un singulier.
En effet, il suffit de modifier la voyelle initiale du singulier :
-le "a" devient "i""


Complément :

A ma connaissance il existe en tamazight un seul nom qui fait exception à cette règle :
Ass ( jour ) devient au pluriel : Ussan ( jours )
Pour ce nom et contrairement aux autres noms la voyelle initiale A au singulier se transforme en U au pluriel

Tanemmirt :)
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Messagepar Damia » 12 Déc 2009, 13:33

Azul fellawen, fellak°ent

Je n'arrive pas à conjuguer le verbe kcem (entrer, introduire)
Si je veux écrire ils ont introduit

yessekcem il a introduit :lol: (facile)

donc ttessekcem en ils ont introduit :twisted: (difficile) :?:

Tanemmirt nnwen

Ass amggaz
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Messagepar aghiles » 12 Déc 2009, 15:55

Azul fellam Damia

Je :ssek'c'magh
Tu:tessek'c'medh
Il:yessek'cem
Elle:tessek'cem
Nous:nessek'cem
Vous:tessek'c'mem
Ils:ssek'c'men
Elles:ssek'c'ment

Ar tufat.
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En couleurs

Messagepar iader » 12 Déc 2009, 18:14

[font=Tahoma]

Azul ,

Fkiɣ i tamsirt-ik kra n yikwlan.
Tannmirt-ik aṭas aγiles.
Ar tufat

Racine = KCM (kcem)
preterit
Nekk:Kecmeγ
Kečč/Kem:Tekcmeḍ
Netta:Yekcem
Nettat:Tekcem
Nekni/Nekkenti:Nekcem
Kenwi:Tekcemem
Kenemti:Tekcememt
Nu(i)tni: Kcemen
Nu(i)tenti:Kcement

Racine = sseKCM (ssekcem)

Nekk:Ssekecmeγ
Kečč/Kem:Tessekcmeḍ
Netta:Yessekcem
Nettat:Tessekcem
Nekni/Nekkenti:Nessekcem
Kenwi:Tessekcemem
Kenemti:Tessekcememt
Nu(i)tni: Ssekcemen
Nu(i)tenti:Ssekcement
[/font]

Je :ssek'c'magh
Tu:tessek'c'medh
Il:yessek'cem
Elle:tessek'cem
Nous:nessek'cem
Vous:tessek'c'mem
Ils:ssek'c'men
Elles:ssek'c'ment
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Messagepar aghiles » 12 Déc 2009, 18:57

Azul agma iader,

Tanemirt,llant kra n'timawin(remarques)a geγ γef tamsirt agui yinek.

Kenwi:Tekcemem
Kenemti:Tekcememt
Nu(i)tni: Kcemen
Nu(i)tenti:Kcement


nek ayen isneγ d'wagui:

Kwenwi:Tekcmem
Kwenemti:Tekcmemt
Nu(i)tni:Kecmen
Nu(i)tenti:Kecment.

Keč agma iader turiḍ:

Kenwi:Tessekcemem
Kenemti:Tessekcememt
Nu(i)tni: Ssekcemen
Nu(i)tenti:Ssekcement

Nek addiniγ:

Kwenwi:Tessekcmem
Kwenemti:Tessekcmemt
Nu(i)tni:Ssekcmen
Nu(i)tenti:Ssekcment

Le temps que tu as donné est la forme progressive.

Tanemirt agma i tamsirt-ik.

Ar tufat.
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Les cinq A en tamazight

Messagepar Amsebrid » 25 Jan 2010, 18:32

Azul,

Awen-d sniliγ semmus n talγiwin izmer ad yili "A" di tmaziγt : asekkil, amagrad, arbib, uz’uf d umatar n imal

1-asekkil amezwaru n ugemmay : tagrawla, Tamaziγt , imal;
2-amagrad n umata n yismawen imalayen asufen deg waddad ilelli : awal, azal, akal;
3-arbib ameskan di tjerrumt tamaziγt : argaz-a, tafunast-a, tilawin-a, idlisen-a;
4-uz’uf zdat targalt :a tarwa !, a tamettut !, a mas! ( ay zdat iγriten );
5-awzil uqrid’ n umatar n imal zdat umyag g wudem amezwaru n usgwet : a nali, a nsew, a nazzel ( ad zdat udmawen nnid’en ).

Tasuqilt : traduction

Je vous présente les cinq formes que peut avoir "A" en tamazight : lettre, article, adjectif, exclamation et indice du futur.

1-première lettre de l’alphabet : tagrawla ( révolution ), tamazight, imal ( futur )
2-article de la majorité des noms masculins singuliers à l’état libre : awal ( la parole ), azal ( prix ), akal ( terre )
3-adjectif démonstartif dans la grammaire amazighe : argaz-a ( cet homme ), tafunast-a ( cette vache ), tilawin-a( ces femmes ), idlisen-a ( ces livres )
4-exclamation devant une consonne ( ô !, hé !) :a tarwa ! ( ô mes enfants ! ), a tamettut ! ( hé femme ! ),a mas ( hé monsieur! ), ( ay devant les consonnes )
5-variabe réduite de l’indice du futur devant un verbe à la première personne du pluriel : a nali ( nous monterons ), a nsew ( nous boirons ),
a nazzel ( nous courrons ), ( ad devant les autres personnes ).

Tanemmirt
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